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'''John Ruskin''' (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, also an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist. He wrote on subjects as varied as geology, architecture, myth, ornithology, literature, education, botany and political economy. His writing styles and literary forms were equally varied. Ruskin penned essays and treatises, poetry and lectures, travel guides and manuals, letters and even a fairy tale. The elaborate style that characterised his earliest writing on art was later superseded by a preference for plainer language designed to communicate his ideas more effectively. In all of his writing, he emphasised the connections between nature, art and society. He also made detailed sketches and paintings of rocks, plants, birds, landscapes, and architectural structures and ornamentation. He was hugely influential in the latter half of the 19th...
Birth name| birth_date = {{birth date|1819|2|8|df=y}}
Death date{{death date and age|1900|1|20|1819|2|8|df=y}}
Death placeBrantwood, Coniston, Cumbria|Coniston, Lancashire, England
OccupationWriter, art critic, draughtsman, watercolourist, social thinker, philanthropist
Nationality| citizenship = English
Education| alma_mater = Christ Church, Oxford|Christ Church, University of Oxford
King's College London
PeriodVictorian era
Genre| subjects =
Movement| notableworks = ''Modern Painters'' 5 vols. (1843–60), ''The Seven Lamps of Architecture'' (1849), ''The Stones of Venice (book)|The Stones of Venice'' 3 vols. (1851–53), ''Unto This Last'' (1860, 1862), ''Fors Clavigera'' (1871–84), ''Praeterita'' 3 vols. (1885–89).
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